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A brief introduction to fabric characteristics

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A brief introduction to fabric characteristics

Nov 14/2020 / news / Author: DongJing

1. Cotton cloth
It is the general term for all kinds of cotton textiles. It is mostly used to make fashion, casual wear, underwear and shirts. Its advantages are easy to keep warm, soft and close-fitting, moisture absorption and air permeability. Its shortcomings are that it is easy to shrink and wrinkle, and its appearance is not very stiff and beautiful. It must be ironed frequently when wearing it.
2. Linen
It is a fabric made of hemp, flax, ramie, jute, sisal, abaca and other hemp plant fibers. It is generally used to make casual wear and work wear. In 2013, it was also used to make ordinary summer clothes. Its advantages are extremely high strength, moisture absorption, heat conduction, and good air permeability. Its disadvantage is that it is not very comfortable to wear, and its appearance is rough and stiff.
3. Silk
It is a general term for all kinds of silk fabrics spun from silk as raw material. Like cotton, it has many varieties and different personalities. It can be used to make all kinds of clothes, especially suitable for making ladies' clothes. Its strengths are lightness, fit, softness, smoothness, breathability, brilliant colors, luster, elegance, and comfort. Its disadvantages are prone to wrinkles, easy to suck, not strong enough, and fade faster.
4. Woolen cloth
Also called wool, it is a general term for fabrics woven from various types of wool and cashmere. It is usually used to make formal and high-end clothing such as dresses, suits, and overcoats. Its advantages are anti-wrinkle and abrasion resistance, soft hand feeling, elegant and crisp, full of elasticity and strong warmth retention. Its main disadvantage is that it is difficult to wash and is not suitable for making summer clothes.
5. Leather
It is a tanned animal fur fabric. It is mostly used to make fashion and winter clothes. It can be divided into two categories: one is leather, that is, leather that has been dehaired. The second is fur, that is, treated leather with leather. Its advantages are lightness and warmth, grace and luxury.
6. Chemical fiber
It is short for chemical fiber. It is a textile made of fibers using polymer compounds as raw materials. Usually it is divided into two categories: artificial fiber and synthetic fiber. Their common advantages are bright colors, soft texture, crisp drape, smoothness and comfort. Their disadvantages are poor wear resistance, heat resistance, moisture absorption, and air permeability. They are easily deformed when exposed to heat and are prone to static electricity. Although it can be used to make all kinds of clothing, but the overall grade is not high, it is difficult to be elegant. In the early stage of development, chemical fiber has three advantages: First, it is strong and durable; second, it is easy to handle, with anti-wrinkle and non-ironing properties; third, it can be industrialized and mass-produced, unlike natural fibers that occupy land, processing time and labor, and limited output.
7. Blended
It is a fabric made by mixing natural fiber and chemical fiber according to a certain ratio, which can be used to make various garments. Its strength is that it absorbs the advantages of cotton, linen, silk, wool and chemical fiber, so it is very popular. They avoid their respective shortcomings as much as possible, and are relatively inexpensive in value, with H-shaped and round-cone-shaped designs. . Very cool fabrics The cool fabrics have clear lines and a sense of volume, which can form a plump clothing outline. Commonly used are cotton, polyester-cotton, corduroy, linen, and various medium-thick wool and chemical fiber fabrics. This type of fabric can be used in designs that highlight the accuracy of clothing modeling, such as suits and suits.
Fabrics can be divided into different physical properties: insulation and anti-static. Insulating materials are usually used in daily life, while anti-static fabrics are mainly used to make anti-static work clothes, which are suitable for electronics, optical instruments, pharmaceuticals, microbiological engineering, precision For special work clothes with dust-free and antistatic properties in the instrument and other industries, their clothing is generally a synthetic fiber fabric embedded with conductive threads. To prevent the accumulation of static electricity on clothes, it is suitable for wearing in static sensitive places or places with fire or explosion hazard.