Artificial fur is a plush fabric similar in appearance to animal fur. It is a structure in which fiber bundles and ground yarn are fed into knitting needles and woven into loops, so that the fibers are attached to the surface of the fabric in a fluffy shape, and a fluffy appearance is formed on the reverse side of the fabric. Compared with animal fur, it has the advantages of high warmth retention, high degree of simulation, low price, and easy processing. Not only can imitate fur materials to show the noble and luxurious style, but also show the advantages of leisure, fashion and personality.
Artificial fur is often used as coats, clothing linings, hats, collars, toys, cushions, interior decorations and carpets. Manufacturing methods include knitting (weft knitting, warp knitting and stitch knitting) and weaving. The knitting weft knitting method has the fastest development and is the most widely used.
In the late 1950s, with the recovery of the European economy, people began to pursue a luxurious life. The specific manifestation was the increasing demand for fur, which led to the extinction of some animals and the increasingly scarce animal fur resources. Under this background, Bauerger invented artificial fur for the first time. Although the development process is short, the development speed is rapid, and China's fur processing and consumer market occupy an important share.
The emergence of artificial fur can fundamentally solve the problem of killing animals and protecting the environment. Moreover, compared with natural fur, artificial fur is softer in texture, lighter in weight, more fashionable in style, and has good warmth retention and breathability. It makes up for the shortcomings of natural fur that is difficult to take care of.
There are two weaving methods for artificial fur, one is the top feeding type and the other is the yarn cutting loop type.
Top feeding type: The principle is that the top is carded into a single fiber shape, and the bottom yarn is caught by the knitting needles to form a loop. The fluff presents a "V" shape in the loop, and the bottom fabric is shaped so as not to shed hair. Its characteristics are that the process flow is relatively short, the production efficiency is high, and the cost is low, but some fibers are discarded during the pre-shearing process, resulting in process waste.
Wool yarn cut loop type: The principle is that the plush yarn forms unclosed loops on some loops, while it is an elongated extension line on other loops. This elongated extension line is specially made during the knitting process. The needle is cut to form a certain height of pile. There are two main forms: W-shaped organization and V-shaped organization. Its characteristic is that the plush of the W-shaped organization participates in the looping and weaving of the ground organization, the plush is more stiff, not easy to fall off, and the formed plush effect is also relatively full.
Plain artificial fur
The fluff is composed of one color, such as natural white, red or brown. In order to increase the beauty of the artificial fur, the color of the bottom yarn is dyed the same color as the fluff, so the fabric does not show the bottom, and the appearance is of good quality. According to different appearance effects and finishing methods, it can be divided into animal-like plush, flat-sheared plush, and ball plush.
Jacquard artificial fur
Where there are patterns, the fiber bundles are woven together with the ground weave; where there are no patterns, only the ground yarn is woven into a loop, forming a bump effect on the surface of the fabric. Some knitting needles selected according to the pattern requirements are fed with fibers of different colors, and then knitted together with the ground yarn to form a variety of patterns. The ground weave is generally weft plain weave or variable weave.